Do different rules for fraternities ways to make money and sororities make campus life more dangerous C-VILLE Weekly

It’s just before midnight on an october friday at UVA, and deep in the bowels of a stately brick mansion what are some ways to make money on rugby road, throngs of undergraduates in cutoffs and cowboy boots are packed what are some ways to make money shoulder to shoulder in a dingy room with a sticky what are some ways to make money floor, watching one drunk classmate after another mount and then be what are some ways to make money flung from the back of a mechanical bull, their screams barely audible over the deafening sound of pounding what are some ways to make money music .

Two blocks away, a long line of mostly under-21 women stretches from the porch of another house, where men grant access to a chosen few through a what are some ways to make money front door barricaded with couches and tables. Downstairs, a sprawling basement dance floor is three feet deep in what are some ways to make money packing peanuts—the absorbent, cornstarch-based kind. People drop drinks, watch them vanish, and dance on.

But some at UVA, where nearly 30 percent of undergraduates are affiliated with greek what are some ways to make money letter organizations, are questioning it now. Colleges nationwide are being forced to examine how they push what are some ways to make money back against sexual violence on campus, a problem so widespread that the centers for disease control what are some ways to make money reports that higher education actually increases women’s chances of being victims of sexual assault. UVA has been thrust into the spotlight in that debate what are some ways to make money as one of 51 colleges and universities, many of them elite institutions, under investigation by the department of education since 2011 for what are some ways to make money possible violations of federal laws dictating how accusations of sexual what are some ways to make money assault are handled. In the last two years, UVA has made national headlines multiple times for hazing and what are some ways to make money binge-drinking incidents at fraternities, including the very public suspension of the charter of one what are some ways to make money of UVA’s founding frats, pi kappa alpha, after 2014’s spring rush. The disappearance and death of second-year student hannah graham after a night drinking on grounds what are some ways to make money in september has only upped the urgency of the debate what are some ways to make money around campus safety.

Not all UVA sorority women have a problem with the what are some ways to make money rules that guide their social lives. Isabel concepcion, a fourth-year and the social chair for kappa kappa gamma, pointed out that sororities host plenty of parties. They may be off site, and there may be more hoops to jump through and what are some ways to make money a more carefully controlled supply of alcohol, but she doesn’t see a problem with that.

Several men pointed out the contrast themselves. Sorority houses are like “nice mcmansions that people might actually live in,” said one fourth-year fraternity brother, but his house has suffered the ravages of drunk party-goers. “people have broken our windows, stolen all our pool cues,” he said. “people think they’re not real places, that they’re just social areas.”

Bid events close out the spring semester rush periods for what are some ways to make money men and women, marking the moment new prospective members settle on a house what are some ways to make money and become pledges. But while sororities generally fete their newcomers themselves, boys’ bid night at UVA is among the biggest party nights what are some ways to make money of the year. Online accounts floating around college blogs refer to it as what are some ways to make money “the christmas of greek life” and “a sorority girl’s favorite day at UVA,” and students we talked to described a night where women—specifically, the new pledge classes—are the roving entertainment for the newly crowned princes of what are some ways to make money frat row. They dress in spandex and neon, tutus and ball caps, and, in groups according to sorority, make their way to a string of fraternity houses, where they’re plied with drinks.

“I think that the general sexualization of women is further what are some ways to make money fostered by the fraternity system,” she said, especially the act of men and only men controlling the what are some ways to make money doors at big parties, letting in only the people they want. “it creates an imbalance—we get to choose you and we’re deeming you pretty. We have the authority to say you’re pretty enough to get in,” she said. By its nature, “there’s a power structure there.”

“the second you walk into a fraternity house, even if you are friends with everyone in that house, you are automatically a guest,” she said. “and the people who live there have the power. They know where the alcohol is, they know where the rooms are, and they know the layout of the house…this is a social pressure, because it’s their house, so they can do whatever.” charlotte cruze. Photo: rammelkamp foto

“I think the fraternities take a lot of pressure and what are some ways to make money heat off the university’s administration, in a sense,” grant said, because they’re highly visible and student-run. “when an intoxicated student goes to the ER and claims what are some ways to make money he or she came from a fraternity party, that fraternity takes responsibility and is sanctioned by the IFC what are some ways to make money [inter-fraternity council] and university accordingly. I believe that if UVA were to permanently ban fraternities what are some ways to make money from having parties, that heat and responsibility for a student’s safety would become a greater burden to the university.” tripp grant. Photo: rammelkamp foto

So why the vastly different rules for women and men? Two truths are key to understanding the strangely complicated and what are some ways to make money highly gendered world of fraternity and sorority party policies. First is that the universities where individual chapters reside have what are some ways to make money almost nothing to do with drawing up or enforcing those what are some ways to make money policies—it all comes down from national letter organizations, who collectively hold billions of dollars of property on campuses what are some ways to make money across the country. And second is that the rules are all about risk what are some ways to make money management and liability.

Cindy stellhorn is the executive vice president of the sorority what are some ways to make money division of indianapolis-based brokerage firm MJ insurance, which writes policies for 19 of the 26 sororities that what are some ways to make money make up the national panhellenic conference (NPC), a women’s greek umbrella organization. She’s also a kappa alpha theta who graduated from indiana what are some ways to make money university in 1977. If anybody knows the world of sorority risk management, it’s her.

Brokerage firms like hers don’t insure sororities and fraternities, she emphasized; they’re the go-betweens who set up therelationship between greek organizations and insurers what are some ways to make money willing to take on their risk—and there’s a lot of risk in greek life, so individual chapters pay premiums that can be dear. But individual national sororities started distancing themselves from the hard-partying reputation of their brother organizations well before that risk what are some ways to make money became a big business.

Most self-penned histories of greek letter organizations focus heavily on the what are some ways to make money founding days and glide quickly over the 1960s and ’70s, if they touch on the era at all. The word “turbulent” shows up a lot. The gist: during the anti-establishment vietnam protest years on college campuses, the greeks fell out of favor. Enrollment plunged, particularly in men’s organizations, and then they came back a little too hard; animal house, released in 1977, presaged a new era of partying that helped establish the what are some ways to make money public perception of fraternities as temples of drunken debauchery.

In its own chronicle, a 12-page history titled “adventure in friendship,” the NPC writes that “the 1960s and early ’70s took a toll on every fraternal group,” but that the umbrella organization “viewed the scrutiny to which it was subjected as an what are some ways to make money opportunity to restate its adamant opposition to hazing and to what are some ways to make money frivolity and excess in activities like greek week.”

Then came something of a nationwide reckoning, as greek organizations’ liability insurance premiums exploded in the 1980s, a turn of events that caitlin flanagan details vividly in what are some ways to make money her epic march 2014 piece for the atlantic titled “the dark power of fraternities.” dozens of national fraternities started battening down the hatches against what are some ways to make money lawsuits from people injured during parties by inserting strict rules what are some ways to make money on drinking into their organization-wide insurance policies that persist today, and, thanks to the involvement of an advisory organization called the what are some ways to make money fraternal information and programming group, are pretty much the same for every fraternity: no more open parties, only six beers per person at bring-your-own events, absolutely no underage drinking.

Fed up, a national sorority leader forged a broker relationship with MJ what are some ways to make money insurance, and a slew of other women’s organizations followed suit; many more forged relationships with other brokers. The risk management rules that were then drawn up and what are some ways to make money were ultimately adopted by nearly every NPC sorority went much what are some ways to make money further than those of men’s organizations, codifying in insurance policies what had already been stated practice what are some ways to make money for almost 20 years: no alcohol in the houses, and any off site parties where there’s drinking have to be handled by a third-party vendor that agrees to check ids.

Two sets of organizations with two sets of standards in what are some ways to make money chapters on campuses across the country. But the degree to which the members of greek organizations what are some ways to make money follow those standards cleaves precisely along gender lines. Ask any fraternity or sorority member—and we did ask many—and they’ll tell you: no big party frats follow those risk management rules about what are some ways to make money guest lists, ID checks, and six beers per comer.

“if reinforcing a ‘healthier gender dynamic’ means reducing sexual assaults due to overconsumption of alcohol, it seems unfair to place the burden of staffing and what are some ways to make money policing parties with alcohol on female students—the most frequent victims, not the perpetrators, of sexual assaults,” she said. “kappa alpha theta supports moving all parties at which alcohol what are some ways to make money is served out of student residences, including men’s fraternities, and holding them at venues licensed to sell and serve what are some ways to make money alcoholic beverages.”

University spokesman anthony de bruyn underscored that the greek houses what are some ways to make money on grounds are owned by national organizations, which set the policies members must follow. Chapters do have to adhere to a fraternal organization agreement what are some ways to make money with the university, which grants fraternities and sororities access to certain UVA facilities; to honor that agreement, they have to meet certain safety standards and incorporate university-mandated educational programming.

“why would we want to do that?” she asked. “why would we open ourselves up to that liability and what are some ways to make money risk?” fraternities’ rules on alcohol are far more permissive, it’s true, but she can’t speak to that, she said. “I think it comes down to a venus and mars what are some ways to make money thing. They have traditionally allowed it, and we have not. They continue to allow it, and we do not.”

Fourth-year cruze said it feels like greek men’s desire to drink and party is tolerated, even celebrated, and women’s desire to do the same on their own terms what are some ways to make money is squashed and marginalized. It’s seen as pathetic, risqué, unwomanly. There’s room for equal footing and safety, she thinks, but the way the rules are now, “it’s a complete double standard,” she said.— graelyn brashear and nicolette gendron

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