Global warming and climate change good easy ways to make money skepticism examined

Global surface temperatures are recorded and reported by a number good easy ways to make money of different international groups, including NASA, NOAA, met office hadley centre/UEA, berkeley earth and cowtan and way. Copernicus/ECMWF also produces a surface temperature estimate based on a good easy ways to make money combination of measurements and a weather model – an approach known as “ reanalysis”.

The chart below compares the annual global surface temperatures from good easy ways to make money these different groups since 1970 – or 1979 in the case of copernicus/ECMWF. The coloured lines show the temperature for each year, while the dots on the right-hand side show the year-to-date estimate for january through march 2019. Values are shown relative to a common baseline period, the 1981-2010 average temperature for each series. Surface temperature records have shown around 0.86C warming since the year 1970, a warming rate of about 0.19C per decade.

Why are young – and not so young – people becoming more vociferous in their protests about global warming? Why has climate change become a political and partisan issue good easy ways to make money at democratic elections? Why do ‘greenies’ try to stop the development of new coal mines and good easy ways to make money call for speedier reduction of our greenhouse gas emissions? The answer is that the effects of greenhouse gas emissions, particularly carbon dioxide (CO 2), are becoming increasingly evident and dangerous – although relatively mild at present, compared to what they could soon become.

Much is being said about the cost of reducing greenhouse good easy ways to make money gas emissions in terms of lost jobs, lost income and harm to national and global economies but good easy ways to make money we hear relatively little about the catastrophic consequences of not good easy ways to make money reducing emissions. Prioritising short term profit and ideology ahead of emissions reduction good easy ways to make money will inevitably result in an uncontrollable, unpredictable and destructive climate resulting in socio-economic collapse.

Analysis of air trapped in ice cores shows that over good easy ways to make money the past 800,000 years the normal concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere good easy ways to make money varies between 170 parts per million (ppm) during cold periods (so called ice ages) to 260-300 ppm when the planet reaches its warmest. Concentration of CO 2 in the atmosphere now stands at good easy ways to make money over 415 ppm and is continuing to rise at an good easy ways to make money accelerating rate as we burn ever increasing amounts of fossil good easy ways to make money fuels.

For well over a century it has been widely known good easy ways to make money that CO 2 absorbs infra-red light reflected from the earths’ surface then re-emits it, much of it back to the surface. The higher the concentration of CO 2 in the atmosphere, the warmer the surface temperature gets, a phenomenon known as global warming which has a number good easy ways to make money of effects including 1. Ocean warming, 2. Loss of land-based ice and permafrost, 3. Climate change which becomes less predictable and 4. Sea level rise. Below is an outline of these effects.

The significant transformations required to meet the challenges posed by good easy ways to make money climate change are, from another perspective, fabulous opportunities. Inventors, entrepreneurs, and business strategists recognized this fact many years ago. Their activities have since been chronicled and analyzed by reporters, researchers, and, in some cases, the entrepreneurs themselves.

Those arguments have always suffered a key physical flaw, namely that cycles are cyclical. For example, el niño events, which temporarily raise global surface temperatures by bringing warm water good easy ways to make money up to the shallow ocean layer, are offset by la niña events, which have the opposite effect. While a given decade might have more el niño or good easy ways to make money la niña events, resulting in a short-term surface warming or cooling, over the long term their effects cancel out.

However, climate scientists have had a difficult time explaining exactly what good easy ways to make money caused a warming event in the early 20th century, between about 1910 and 1945. The average of the climate model runs incorporated in the good easy ways to make money last IPCC report only accounted for about half of the good easy ways to make money measured global surface warming trend during that period, and a study published last year suggested the other half good easy ways to make money could be due to natural cycles.

Contrarian scientists like judith curry, who is frequently invited by republicans to testify before US good easy ways to make money congress, have often used this discrepancy to cast doubt on the good easy ways to make money expert consensus on human-caused global warming, arguing that “until we can explain the early 20th century warming, I have little confidence IPCC and [national climate assessment] attribution statements regarding the cause of the recent warming.”

The new study, published in the journal of climate, tackles the discrepancy in part by addressing an issue with good easy ways to make money ocean temperature data during the second world war, when measurements were more often made from warmer engine room good easy ways to make money intakes than from buckets lowered over the side of ships. This has resulted in a bias, inflating estimated surface temperatures in the early-to-mid 1940s. The new study removed this bias by focusing on temperatures good easy ways to make money along continental and island coastlines.

Ecohydrologist, researcher, and science storyteller emily fairfax of the university of colorado good easy ways to make money studies the intersection of water and ecosystems. “it’s very important that my science has an impact in good easy ways to make money the world,” fairfax says. “I take all my data and try to send it good easy ways to make money out to the public in very compelling ways.” she recalls being “so scared of all the jargon” earlier in her career: “I didn’t want to say a lot of different words, because what if I say them wrong? What if I use them wrong?”

Working on beavers and their forest environment, she decided to shorten her story to one sentence: “and that was that ‘beaver ponds persist through wildfires.’” if nothing else, she wanted her audience to leave with at least that good easy ways to make money message firmly in mind. With her infectious enthusiasm, the video shows a toy beaver persisting through a wildfire good easy ways to make money and then boosting an “I’m okay!!” flag to assure fearful viewers that the beaver survives.

One-time cartoonist and founder of the skeptical science website john good easy ways to make money cook, now at george mason university in virginia, describes how he uses cartoons to make climate change information good easy ways to make money more accessible. “I could be the first scientist to ever calculate the good easy ways to make money P value of a cartoon’s funniness,” cook says, adding that the cartoons are “statistically significant and funny.”

Let’s buy for a moment the well-traveled viewpoint that the news media like nothing better than good easy ways to make money a good crisis. Nothing like a crisis, and better yet two, to kick reporters’ and editors’, let alone media bean counters’, adrenaline into overdrive. Bring on the banner headlines, the grit and joy of covering someone else’s disasters up-close and personal, perhaps even a greater shot at one of journalism’s more glamorous prizes or awards.

Journalism gurus pretty much accept that the ongoing crises of good easy ways to make money change surrounding and overwhelming many news enterprises will go on good easy ways to make money for a number of decades before, one hopes, we can all adapt to where it ends up. We can be pretty certain that our kids, and also theirs, will be dealing with this snowballing news/information dilemma for years, probably decades, to come.

These young people have shown they are masters of disruptive good easy ways to make money forms of social media and protest. In march, just a few months after forming, they held a global strike that surpassed every organised climate good easy ways to make money rally held before it. They achieved this with no pre-existing organisational apparatus, real funding or control of traditional media platforms. They are worth listening to.

A new european citizens’ initiative (ECI) called “ the fast, fair and effective solution to climate change” was launched on may 6. The proposal asks that the european commission introduce a carbon-pricing policy known as carbon fee and dividend at the good easy ways to make money european union level. The european commission registered the proposal earlier this month.

Scientists and economists agree: putting an increasing price on pollution and giving the returns good easy ways to make money to households works. A steadily increasing price on fossil fuels will reduce pollution good easy ways to make money by leading companies and consumers to choose cleaner, cheaper options. All money collected would be returned fairly and for example good easy ways to make money every month to citizens as a dividend. Most low- and middle-income families will be better off by this policy.

As a policy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, carbon fee and dividend was implemented earlier this year in good easy ways to make money canada, where citizens have already received their “climate action incentive” checks. In the united states, carbon-fee-and-dividend legislation has been introduced by members of both parties good easy ways to make money as the energy innovation and carbon dividend act.

It is now clear from these studies that abrupt warming good easy ways to make money events are built into earth’s climate system. They have occurred when disturbances in carbon storage at earth’s surface released greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. One of the grand challenges for climate scientists like me good easy ways to make money is to determine where these releases came from before humans good easy ways to make money were present, and what triggered them. Importantly, we want to know if such an event could happen good easy ways to make money again.

Thunberg, who is on the autism spectrum, has become a moral authority. Again and again, she’s clearly articulated how adults have shamefully abdicated their basic good easy ways to make money duties to protect today’s children and future generations from compounding climate catastrophe. “this ongoing irresponsible behavior will no doubt be remembered in good easy ways to make money history as one of the greatest failures of humankind,” she told the british parliament.

The 2019 refinement provides supplementary methodologies to estimate sources that good easy ways to make money produce emissions of greenhouse gases and sinks that absorb these good easy ways to make money gases. It also addresses gaps in the science that were identified, new technologies and production processes have emerged, or for sources and sinks that were not included in good easy ways to make money the 2006 IPCC guidelines.

NEVADA CITY, CALIF. The mood at the 2019 wild & scenic film festival was brighter than one might expect from good easy ways to make money an event riddled with reminders of the perils of living good easy ways to make money in these times, from catastrophic wildfire to loss of biodiversity. But that’s the point of the SYRCL-produced affair: to inspire personal action, not just depress the audience.

This festival took place just 50 miles away from paradise, california, which just two months prior had been destroyed by the good easy ways to make money most destructive fire in state history. With 200 towns across the state now flagged as highly good easy ways to make money vulnerable to fire, too, it’s little wonder that fire-related films were met with full-house audiences, including for the late-night sessions with panels featuring scientists, filmmakers, and local officials.

In addition to harrowing scenes of fire, many films covered other personal, disturbing new realities, like worsening effects of air pollution on children’s health, or the town at risk of disappearing as sea levels good easy ways to make money rise. Still, most ended with a message of hope, shining the light on ways forward that, unlike in years past, ask viewers to rethink how we live, rather than urging purely tactical actions like recycling or eating good easy ways to make money less meat.

RELATED POSTS