Neherp – vivarium construction 101 – the most complete vivarium ways to make a lot of money building articles online!

Introduction to vivariums the word vivarium is latin for "a place of life". For the purposes of this article, a vivarium is an enclosed, complete, bio-active live ecosystem. Vivariums have been exploding in popularity over the past few ways to make a lot of money years, as there are several advantages of building a live vivarium ways to make a lot of money over a traditional terrarium setup. Not only are vivariums more aesthetically pleasing & realistic than standard terrariums, they also require significantly less upkeep, and offer the inhabitants extra hiding, climbing, and breeding spaces within the enclosure. When built properly, upkeep should involve nothing more than cleaning the glass, misting the enclosure, and occasionally trimming plants. This article will cover all the basic aspects of vivarium ways to make a lot of money building in detail, using proven techniques that are considered industry standard. When it comes time to build your own vivarium using ways to make a lot of money the info you find here, we hope you’ll consider purchasing the supplies you’ll need from us. We truly appreciate your business!

The drainage layer catches any water that flows through the ways to make a lot of money substrate, keeps the substrate layer from becoming saturated, helps to sustain a healthy microfauna population, and keeps humidity stable within the enclosure. This allows for the healthy, "airy" substrate layer necessary for long-term vivarium success. The media used in the drainage layer can consist of ways to make a lot of money any of the common lightweight brands of media available on ways to make a lot of money the market today. ( LECA, hydroballs, bio drain, or NEHERP LDL) this layer should ideally have a depth of 2.5-3 inches, but this can vary slightly relative to the size of ways to make a lot of money the enclosure used. Rinse whichever media you choose thoroughly to remove dust before ways to make a lot of money using it, and don’t add water to your drainage layer until the vivarium ways to make a lot of money is completed. Pouring water over the plants, through the substrate layer will ensure the drainage media below ways to make a lot of money won’t shift, and it’ll add beneficial tannins from the leaf litter & soil to the drainage layer below. Water should rise about 1/4-1/2 way up the drainage layer, and should never be allowed to raise into contact with ways to make a lot of money the substrate layer. Also, try not to let it dry out completely, since that will negatively impact the relative humidity within the ways to make a lot of money enclosure.

Adding a drain-point can help remove excess water from the drainage layer. If you’d like to have the ability to empty your drainage ways to make a lot of money layer manually, you can accomplish this in a couple different ways. Many hobbyists use a pointed waste remover inserted down past ways to make a lot of money both the substrate & drainage layers (against a side) to access and remove water. A slightly easier siphon-access point can be added during initial construction by placing ways to make a lot of money a 3/8" tube through the substrate, screen separator, and down to the bottom of the drainage layer. This must be completed before the build progresses past the ways to make a lot of money screen separator step. The top of the tube should be cut after the ways to make a lot of money vivarium has been partially planted, and can be disguised & covered among other decor items. When necessary, a 1/4" tube can then be inserted all the way into the ways to make a lot of money 3/8" tube, where it can siphon directly from the bottom of the ways to make a lot of money enclosure. The last (and most professional) option for drainage water removal is by drilling a hole, and installing a bulkhead fitting. Adding a bulkhead can be a slightly challenging task that ways to make a lot of money shouldn’t be attempted on an expensive enclosure without prior experience. We suggest purchasing a high quality diamond glass drill bit ways to make a lot of money for this application, as low-end bits have a much higher tendency to crack glass. When you’ve completed this article, if you’d like more info on this topic, check out our vivarium construction 102 article.

Leaf litter provides a handful of important benefits to a ways to make a lot of money live vivarium, with some more apparant than others. First, it offers a realistic ground cover that provides smaller inhabitants ways to make a lot of money hiding spots within the enclosure. For many shy, smaller inhabitants, these easily accessible cover-spots can make the difference between a shy animal (often fear of being far from cover), and one that is often out in the open. Over time, these leaves will begin to break down in a vivarium, which will provide small amounts of nutrients to the plants, as well as food for the beneficial microfauna. The litter will need to be added-to occasionally, and the time it will last is generally determined by ways to make a lot of money the type of leaf, and a combination of humidity in the enclosure (higher R/H = faster deterioration), microfauna population, and the inhabitant species themselves. There are a handful of different common leaf litter choices ways to make a lot of money used today, with the choice mostly being a matter of preference. One of the most popular ground covers for vivariums is ways to make a lot of money moss, which looks great, is somewhat inexpensive, and is fairly easy to grow. However, a full carpet of bright green moss is not a ways to make a lot of money natural looking choice. Leaf litter covers most tropical & temperate habitats with moss & other plants peeking through occasionally. For the most realistic looking vivarium floor, consider a mixture of moss, leaf litter, and other smaller vines & climbing plants that can peek out here & there. Using small natural accent items is quickly becoming common practice, and gives a vivarium an added touch of realism. Depending on the inhabitant species, we usually add a 1-2in deep leaf litter layer.

Mounting epiphytic plants (plants that grow out-of-soil) can be done in a number of ways. If you are mounting a rooted portion of a vine ways to make a lot of money or trailing plant, wrap the roots with a small moist ball of either ways to make a lot of money new zealand sphagnum moss, or NEHERP moss before proceeding. If you are mounting a rootless clipping, you can either place the end in substrate, a ball of NZ sphagnum, or leave it exposed (if humidity is 85%+) to mount it. You can then carefully attach the plant to a background ways to make a lot of money with orchid monofilament line, toothpicks or floral wire. We use floral wire more often than toothpicks & fishing line, but all three have their own advantages & disadvantages. For a close-up example of how to mount plants using florist wire, please see the image in the right column. Be sure to leave no dangerous open-loops with fishing line, and no exposed points with florist wire or toothpicks to ways to make a lot of money protect the vivarium’s inhabitants. After a few weeks of acclimation, the plants will begin to throw their own gripping roots ways to make a lot of money on whatever they are resting on, and again the supports will no longer be needed. As previously mentioned, be sure to keep the mount-surface moist during the acclimation period to encourage the roots ways to make a lot of money to grip it!

A commonly used plant species worth mentioning for their special ways to make a lot of money care instructions are neoregelias. The axils of these water-holding plants are often utilized by many different species as ways to make a lot of money a breeding or egg deposition site. (neoregelias aren’t used as often with larger species, due to the spines running down the leaves.) neoregelias and other bromeliads should be mounted epiphytically (without soil), up high, on backgrounds and/or on other pieces of raised decor, when kept in a humid environment. If kept in an enclosure where humidity will average much ways to make a lot of money below 80%, these can be mounted in backgrounds, kept in net pots with a fast-draining soil. (ex: 50% NEHERP substrate + 50% orchid bark) bromeliads absorb water & nutrients through their leaves, with their roots used mostly for support. The roots can be either removed or left on (depending on your personal preference); but the plant’s base should not generally be wrapped in moss, sphagnum, or other slow-draining substrates unless kept in a fairly dry environment. Otherwise, wrapping the roots/base of a neoregelia, or planting it in substrate can/will lead to the plant rotting in a vivarium. The easiest way to mount a neoregelia is to insert ways to make a lot of money the remainder of it’s stolon (essentially the "hard stem piece") into a hole, whenever possible. This can be achieved by drilling a hole into the ways to make a lot of money wood, background, or other decor you are using. For added support, the stolon can be hot glued in place. If your plant’s stolon is too short, or a hole isn’t available, neoregelias can be mounted using floral wire, orchid monofilament line, or even toothpicks. (trim excess wire, line, & wood)