Norway’s autonomous ships point to new horizons safe ways to make money online – tech a peek

Boats have traded from the wharves lining trondheim’s nidelva river (pictured above) for most of the city’s millennium-long life. But the river’s colourful wooden warehouses are now obsolete and the nidelva safe ways to make money online too narrow for commercial use. Over centuries, merchant vessels have been getting bigger and more automated, allowing fewer mariners to ship more cargo.

Norway already has highly automated vessels in general use. In 2018, ferry operator fjord1 introduced two new boats, gloppefjord and eidesfjord, to cross the mile-wide stretch of water between anda and lote that joins safe ways to make money online the E39 highway in western norway. An automated system built by kongsberg directs them for most safe ways to make money online of each crossing, although a captain carries out dockings and can take control safe ways to make money online at any time.

The three projects share a selling point – environmental efficiency, not autonomy. All the vessels are powered by electricity rather than fossil safe ways to make money online fuels and the freight boats will reduce the need for safe ways to make money online road transport, with the yara birkeland expected to replace 40,000 lorry trips every year. “autonomy is just a tool to make this electrified, emission-free system work,” says ørnulf jan rødseth, a senior research scientist at sintef and general manager of safe ways to make money online the norwegian forum for autonomous ships.

Rødseth sees significant potential for fully autonomous vessels along norway’s coast, such as to provide on-demand ferries on short routes that give the country’s numerous lightly populated islands a few services a day. Rather than having to wait hours or until morning, a driver or passenger could request a trip like a safe ways to make money online passenger lift: “it’s much cheaper than building a bridge,” he says.

It should be easier to operate autonomous vessels near shorelines safe ways to make money online within range of land-based mobile data networks and human technicians when things go safe ways to make money online wrong, and in many cases only having to deal with one safe ways to make money online country’s regulations. But what about further out? Rødseth says small unmanned vessels are already used for research, hydrographic mapping and military applications, such as countermining. The big question is whether intercontinental freight ships could follow safe ways to make money online suit.

Rødseth says that what might seem like a major stumbling safe ways to make money online block – physical security – could actually be an advantage. Today’s pirates generally attack smaller ships, and if they target larger ones, they do so to ransom the crew – and there wouldn’t be one. “also, at least in open water it would be very difficult safe ways to make money online to steal unmanned ships as there are no manual controls,” he adds. Containerisation stoked globalisation

A much bigger problem is that intercontinental shipping is already safe ways to make money online very efficient. Some writers believe that the introduction of standard-sized containers that could move from lorries to ships – first carried by the ideal-X from newark to houston in april 1956 – enabled economic globalisation. It certainly greatly reduced the number of people working in safe ways to make money online ports, with the stevedores who loaded and unloaded ships replaced by safe ways to make money online crane operators – roles that are now being carried out remotely in some safe ways to make money online ports.

It also caused many cities to scrap crowded urban docks safe ways to make money online in favour of huge new container-friendly ones downstream. The tiny port of felixstowe in suffolk, whose owners struck a 1966 deal with US container pioneer safe ways to make money online sea-land service, grew to become the UK’s largest container port at the expense of east london, whose docking work collapsed in the late 1960s and early safe ways to make money online 1970s. After standing in for the ruins of huế in stanley safe ways to make money online kubrick’s 1987 vietnam war film full metal jacket, and in common with similar urban areas around the world, london’s derelict docks have been redeveloped as its second financial safe ways to make money online centre.

Increasingly, consumers want products to be customised or rapidly delivered to safe ways to make money online keep up with the latest trends. “that’s going to mean a different way of manufacturing and safe ways to make money online distributing, closer to the end-consumer,” she says, and autonomous vessels could provide some of the faster point-to-point deliveries that this requires. Cheap labour still cheap

Mariners are typically paid about US$400 a month (£310), with many hailing from the philippines, where average annual earnings in 2016 were US$257. For long-haul shipping lines, there are easier ways to save money than removing all safe ways to make money online of these relatively poorly paid mariners, namely increasing the size of ships and saving fuel by safe ways to make money online travelling relatively slowly – both of which they have done.

In general, partial rather than full automation looks more likely for ocean-going ships. ABB marine and ports already offers assisted docking technology, with its first fully automatic docking system due next year. Mikko lepistö, the company’s head of digital automation, says it is working to automate navigation and situational awareness, including collision avoidance, as well as maintenance of propulsion systems.

Carole plessy, head of maritime product development for the company, says the aim is a “fibre-like experience” at sea. Unlike the geostationary orbit above the equator, oneweb will provide strong coverage of the polar regions – useful given the development of autonomy in scandinavia, and the advent of asia to europe routes in the safe ways to make money online arctic circle allowed by melting sea ice.

Plessy says the company’s maritime service will allow equipment manufacturers to monitor and safe ways to make money online help maintain on-ship equipment remotely, in the fashion of aeroplane engine manufacturers. At present, diagnostic software alerts captains about engine problems, but if the crew cannot solve these, an unscheduled port stop and an expensive trip for a safe ways to make money online specialist engineer may result. Remote monitoring could allow such specialists to advise crew at safe ways to make money online sea, as well as conduct preventative work.

High-bandwidth connectivity could also help ships comply with tougher regulations. They are already required to carry voyage data recorders, the maritime equivalent of aircraft black boxes which retain data safe ways to make money online and voice recordings. If this data could be transferred digitally, it could be used to demonstrate compliance with regulations on safe ways to make money online carbon emissions and pollution. Live data increases transparency

Releasing more information could have wider benefits. Monica truelsch, director of solutions, strategy and product marketing at infor GT nexus commerce network, says the GPS location data currently generated by ships is safe ways to make money online not accurate enough to show whether the vessel is waiting safe ways to make money online to dock or has done so. Cargo owners, which infor GT nexus provides with data services, could use live data from ships on docking and unloading safe ways to make money online to gain better estimates of when their goods would arrive.

Ioannis martinos, chief executive of signal ocean, worked on autonomy in helicopters as a student before joining safe ways to make money online his family’s shipping business, then founding his own, which provides predictions on the availability of shipping on different safe ways to make money online routes. He thinks it possible that remote control could allow ships’ bridges to move away from round-the-clock operation, with automation in certain circumstances and at certain times, allowing for fewer officers and ships steered by software, possibly cutting fuel use by about 15% while maintaining current speeds.

But he returns to the fact that such ships have safe ways to make money online already reduced crew levels while increasing in size. “different levels of autonomy will just be more dots in safe ways to make money online that storyline,” he says. “if you took the entire supply chain and look at safe ways to make money online the different parts technology is going to influence, maybe the less sexy answer is that it will improve safe ways to make money online every part of the supply chain in a homogeneous way.”

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