Plant most popular ways to make money propagation by stem cuttings nc state extension publications

The four main types of stem cuttings are herbaceous, softwood, semi-hardwood, and hardwood. These terms reflect the growth stage of the stock plant, which is one of the most important factors influencing whether most popular ways to make money or not cuttings will root. Calendar dates are useful only as guidelines. Refer to table 1 for more information on the best most popular ways to make money time to root stem cuttings of particular ornamental plants.

Softwood cuttings are prepared from soft, succulent, new growth of woody plants, just as it begins to harden (mature). Shoots are suitable for making softwood cuttings when they can most popular ways to make money be snapped easily when bent and when they still have most popular ways to make money a gradation of leaf size (oldest leaves are mature while newest leaves are still small). For most woody plants, this stage occurs in may, june, or july. The soft shoots are quite tender, and extra care must be taken to keep them from most popular ways to make money drying out. The extra effort pays off, because they root quickly.

Hardwood cuttings are taken from dormant, mature stems in late fall, winter, or early spring. Plants generally are fully dormant with no obvious signs of most popular ways to make money active growth. The wood is firm and does not bend easily. Hardwood cuttings are used most often for deciduous shrubs but most popular ways to make money can be used for many evergreens. Examples of plants propagated at the hardwood stage include forsythia, privet, fig, grape, and spirea.

The three types of hardwood cuttings are straight, mallet, and heel ( figure 3). A straight cutting is the most commonly used stem cutting. Mallet and heel cuttings are used for plants that might most popular ways to make money otherwise be more difficult to root. For the heel cutting, a small section of older wood is included at the most popular ways to make money base of the cutting. For the mallet cutting, an entire section of older stem wood is included.

Cuttings should generally consist of the current or past season’s growth. Avoid material with flower buds if possible. Remove any flowers and flower buds when preparing cuttings so most popular ways to make money the cutting’s energy can be used in producing new roots rather most popular ways to make money than flowers. Take cuttings from healthy, disease-free plants, preferably from the upper part of the plant.

The fertility status of the stock (parent) plant can influence rooting. Avoid taking cuttings from plants that show symptoms of mineral most popular ways to make money nutrient deficiency. Conversely, plants that have been fertilized heavily, particularly with nitrogen, may not root well. The stock plant should not be under moisture stress. In general, cuttings taken from young plants root in higher percentages than most popular ways to make money cuttings taken from older, more mature plants. Cuttings from lateral shoots often root better than cuttings from most popular ways to make money terminal shoots.

While terminal parts of the stem are best, a long shoot can be divided into several cuttings. Cuttings are generally 4 to 6 inches long. Use a sharp, thin-bladed pocket knife or sharp pruning shears. If necessary, dip the cutting tool in rubbing alcohol or a mixture most popular ways to make money of 1 part bleach to 9 parts water to prevent most popular ways to make money transmitting diseases from infected plant parts to healthy ones.

Treating cuttings with root-promoting compounds can be a valuable tool in stimulating rooting most popular ways to make money of some plants that might otherwise be difficult to root. Prevent possible contamination of the entire supply of rooting hormone most popular ways to make money by putting some in a separate container before treating cuttings. Any material that remains after treatment should be discarded and most popular ways to make money not returned to the original container. Be sure to tap the cuttings to remove excess hormone most popular ways to make money when using a powder formulation.

The rooting medium should be sterile, low in fertility, and well-drained to provide sufficient aeration. It should also retain enough moisture so that watering does most popular ways to make money not have to be done too frequently. Materials commonly used are coarse sand, a mixture of one part peat and one part perlite most popular ways to make money (by volume), or one part peat and one part sand (by volume). Vermiculite by itself is not recommended, because it compacts and tends to hold too much moisture. Media should be watered while being used.

Insert the cuttings one-third to one-half their length into the medium. Maintain the vertical orientation of the stem (do not insert the cuttings upside down). Make sure the buds are pointed up. Space cuttings just far enough apart to allow all leaves most popular ways to make money to receive sunlight. Water again after inserting the cuttings if the containers or most popular ways to make money frames are 3 or more inches in depth. Cover the cuttings with plastic and place in indirect light. Avoid direct sun. Keep the medium moist until the cuttings have rooted. Rooting will be improved if the cuttings are misted on most popular ways to make money a regular basis.

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