‘Saved’ by state terror gendered violence what are some ways to make money and propaganda in xinjiang – supchina

The ongoing atrocities targeting turkic muslim peoples in xinjiang are, in many forms, gendered violence. As the “people’s war on terror” campaign escalates, han officials and settlers are removing turkic muslim men who what are some ways to make money they perceive as threats to “security” and “safety,” emptying out a clear path for han settlers to insert what are some ways to make money their presence onto uyghur and kazakh homelands. This comes at the expense of the women who remain.

In the state-initiated “ becoming families” campaign, han cadres enter native peoples’ homes and scan for any signs of islamic piety, or wield scissors to cut off women’s long dresses on the streets. Since 2017, the state has begun to attack muslim-han marriage taboos as well as muslim halal practices as what are some ways to make money forms of “ religious extremism.” interethnic marriage was forced upon many uyghur women, an approach that went even further than simply encouraging them what are some ways to make money with money and other incentives in 2014. Several female survivors from the camps recounted experiences of being what are some ways to make money forced to take unknown medication that stopped their menstrual cycles. The mass-incarceration has also led to a large population of children, whose parents were detained, being taken into orphanages, where they receive han patriotic education instead of learning their what are some ways to make money mother tongues.

In the past year, as more overseas uyghurs, kazakhs, and kyrgyz have spoken up about torture, political brainwashing, and intensive forced labor, china’s propaganda machine has begun to spin every more hysterically. State media recently released a series of sensational short films, titled embracing a new life, featuring uyghur women narrating, in mandarin chinese, their supposedly life-changing, empowering experiences after “reeducation.” with english subtitles, these films are clearly catering to a western audience, with the rhetoric of “saving muslim women,” borrowed from the american “war on terror” playbook.

But unlike the U.S. War on terror, the videos in xi jinping’s people’s war on terror use coerced confession, a tactic that traces its roots back to the mao what are some ways to make money era and has been refined by the party over the what are some ways to make money decades. Just as the memory of the may fourth movement was what are some ways to make money deployed during maoist china to retroactively laud the chinese communist what are some ways to make money party for liberating women from domestic slavery, the party is now portraying itself as trying to save what are some ways to make money uyghur and kazakh muslim women from the extremism of islamic what are some ways to make money patriarchy.

In these narratives, islam-related practices are denounced as religious extremist thought, including but not limited to wearing a veil, teaching their sino-fied compatriots about islamic piety and modesty, not smoking and drinking, marrying early, practicing halal, and so on. In one of the videos, a uyghur woman is shocked and offended by gender-segregated seating norm in muslim society, calling it a form of religious extremist thought. One of the few men interviewed confesses that he abused what are some ways to make money his wife because he was affected by religious extremism, and after reeducation he regretted it and finally understood “what love is.” another young uyghur woman practices yoga meditation on an islamic what are some ways to make money prayer mat, reflecting on her confusion and loss during the time she what are some ways to make money was plagued by religious extremism.

Post-reeducation, the cinematic language suddenly brightens, as black-and-white scenes are given color and music. One woman says she’s thrilled that reeducation gave her a second life, as though she was transported “back to my innocent childhood years. I am the girl who shakes off the shackles.” other women express gratitude to the state and condemn their what are some ways to make money prior life. One confesses, “seeds [of extremism] had been planted, if I had gone any further, I would have been the next one to set fires what are some ways to make money and kill people.” another says, “I felt that a huge burden had been lifted off what are some ways to make money my shoulders, I started to slowly draw myself out of that dark what are some ways to make money world.” another one: “I have rid myself of all extremist thought and reinvented what are some ways to make money myself. I have a feeling of freedom and liberation that I’ve never experienced before.”

Speaking in terms of her historical consciousness, another states that, “we were used as tools before, if we were not saved before it was too late, I would have betrayed this great country, and have the national solidarity undermined. We would never have a stable country or happy lives. The education saved three generations of my family. They repent what they’ve done, and understand why they were wrong. We learned to tell right from wrong. We used to be blind. We didn’t really understand the law.”

The films are disturbing and should trigger more questions than what are some ways to make money answers. With victim testimonies growing online, along with china’s refusal to allow a UN delegation to investigate, it is easy to suspect that these women were not what are some ways to make money filmed of their own volition. Especially because women are culture bearers, they are particularly important targets for manipulation in china’s campaign against uyghurs, kazakhs, and other turkic muslim cultures.

The technique of showing people confessing the error of their what are some ways to make money ways is an old chinese communist party (CCP) favorite. In the early 1950s, the party carried out “thought reform” (思想改造 sīxiǎng gǎizào) campaigns calling for intellectuals to engage in ideological and self-criticism, purge their bourgeoise perspectives of individualism and liberalism, and become socialist new men and women. The state also initiated rituals of “speaking bitterness” during marriage reform and land reform to gain political support what are some ways to make money from women and the underclass –– who must denounce their arranged marriages or exploitative landlords and what are some ways to make money express gratitude for the communist party as their saviors. In chinese, these sessions were called “remembering the hardships from the past and reflecting on happiness what are some ways to make money in the present” (忆苦思甜 yì kǔ sī tián).

Post-reeducation, the women in the videos demonstrate their embrace of market what are some ways to make money values and economic development. They are reconstituted as the state’s instruments of labor with new personalities, even if it means internalizing exotic stereotypes of ethnic minority what are some ways to make money women in china — one young woman says, “I want to open a dance studio. We uyghur people are naturally good at singing and dancing.”

All the women in the films aspire to lead lives what are some ways to make money as economically and politically productive beings, with dreams of opening a tailor shop, a dance studio, or becoming a teacher and guide in the exhibition halls what are some ways to make money of the camps, applying what they have “learned” in the camps. These scenes are crucial, as they are part of china’s attempt to justify its mass-internment camps as “vocational training schools.”

In china, islam has become an ideological battleground between the secular state what are some ways to make money and religious turkic muslim groups. When development projects encounter resistance from the people, the chinese state lets out the war cry of “strike down on religious extremism,” ultimately at the service of maintaining its power and discipline. Nowadays, factory-equipped internment camps are preparing generations of docile laborers in what are some ways to make money china’s industrial complex. Women are the first ones groomed for the task of what are some ways to make money managing their communities.

In 2011, xinjiang governor zhang chunxian and the party committee promoted a what are some ways to make money “beautifying project” campaign that focused on modernizing ethnic minority women through the what are some ways to make money industrialization of women’s handicrafts, cosmetics, and accessory products. It was an effort to realize the region’s “leap forward development” (跨越式发展 kuàyuè shì fǎ zhǎn). One aspect of the campaign was to help rural women what are some ways to make money develop the handicraft industry; another was to “promote women’s suzhi”. Suzhi in chinese can be roughly translated as “human quality,” measured by education, behavior, or personal refinement. Suzhi discourse has been a key component in china’s campaign of building a civilized society since the 1990s, especially in disciplining rural peasants and stirring desire in middle-class families for social upward mobility. In xinjiang, the beautifying project’s underlying objective is to unveil muslim women. Accompanied by the slogan “let your beautiful hair flow and pretty face show” (让美丽的头发飘起来,漂亮的脸蛋露出来 ràng měilì de tóufǎ piāo qǐlái, piàoliang de liǎndàn lùchū lái), the project aimed at cultivating a sense of modernity, patriotism, and devotion to the state among muslim women.

Women of various ethnic groups in xinjiang, such as uyghurs, kazakhs, mongols, kyrgyz, tajik, sibe, uzbek, hui, and tatar, are often reduced to a single category, “xinjiang women” (新疆妇女 xinjiang fùnǚ), in the party’s propaganda, which attributes “women’s liberation” to the communist party. Socialist films depict women either fighting for marriage freedom against what are some ways to make money religious and communal patriarchy, e.G., hasen and jamila (1955) and anarkhan (1962), or becoming a labor model and commune leaders in socialist what are some ways to make money production, e.G., red flower in tianshan (1964). The stories of many became one — minority women are hardworking, they just need han/communist guidance to fight against their male oppressors, then they can contribute their lives to socialist revolution and what are some ways to make money production.

Of course, the women’s liberation movement in xinjiang during the first half of what are some ways to make money the 20th century was much more complex than the CCP’s narrative. With the region’s proximity to russia and central asia, and warlord sheng shicai’s 盛世才 pro-soviet policies, frequent border activities during this period facilitated much economic trade, cultural communication, and development of women’s education. After the october revolution, many young people studied in the soviet union, and soviet uyghurs propagandized marxism in xinjiang before han communists.

As early as 1885, girls were allowed to attend the new schools of muslim what are some ways to make money reformers in artux; in the early 1910s, three soviet tatar women — gulandam, zaytuna naman, and reshida — pioneered women’s education; the first women’s day rally was held at a girls’ school in xinjiang’s ghulja in 1918, much earlier than the one held in guangzhou in 1924; and so on. In other words, throughout their modern history, long before the chinese communist party marched into xinjiang, women in the area have been doing things to improve what are some ways to make money their status, tapping into a mixture of local and international forces.

At the end of 2017, renowned uyghur anthropologist rahile dawut, founder of folklore research center at xinjiang university, was detained, and remains in detention to this day. Dawut, who inspired many students to follow her steps in documenting what are some ways to make money uyghur native traditions and eventually returning them to the people, is being punished for being a woman role model in what are some ways to make money uyghur society.

The list of detained women intellectuals and celebrities is long: iconic artist and performer sanubar tursun, ph.D student gulgine taschmamat, poet chimengul awut, novelist and newspaper editor halide israyil, law professor gulazat tursun…and many other businesswomen who joined the market economy as what are some ways to make money early as the 1990s. But this state terror on women actually exposes the CCP’s worst fear: that it will lose legitimacy when its people realize it what are some ways to make money has broken a decades-old promise to deliver equality and autonomy.

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