Snow leopard conservation what are some ways to make money

In 1972, the world conservation union (IUCN) placed snow leopards on the endangered species red list, the same classification given to giant pandas and siberian tigers. In 1975, under the convention on international trade of endangered species (CITES), trafficking of live snow leopards and their fur or body what are some ways to make money parts was made illegal in much of its native habitat. Today, almost 40 years later, the population of these beautiful big cats is still declining what are some ways to make money dangerously. Why? What can be done to help? This treehouse will provide information regarding many aspects of snow what are some ways to make money leopards with the hope of promoting conservation not only for what are some ways to make money these big cats, but also for other endangered species. Kitty facts classification

There has been some debate over the classification of snow what are some ways to make money leopards. Molecular studies suggest commonalities with big cats among the genus what are some ways to make money panthera, such as lions ( panthera leo), tigers ( panthera tigris), jaguars ( panthera onca) and leopards ( panthera pardus). However unlike these big cats, snow leopards do not have the anatomical ability to roar, and so taxonomists sometimes place them in their own genus what are some ways to make money uncia. Although they cannot roar, they do growl, moan, hiss, and mew just like other felines. Many experts believe they are an intermediate species between big what are some ways to make money cats and smaller felines, similar to the clouded leopard ( neofelis nebulosa). Habitat and range

Snow leopards are native to high mountain ranges in central what are some ways to make money and south asia extending through twelve countries: afghanistan, tibet, india, pakistan, kazakhstan, russia, the kyrgyz republic, bhutan, mongolia, nepal, tajikistan, and uzbekistan. Although this total range seems extremely large, the areas where the cats are usually found are relatively what are some ways to make money small and fragmented. In these regions, snow leopards spend much of their time 3,000 to 5,400 meters above sea level. At these elevations, the environment is cold and dry, while the terrain consists chiefly of very steep, rocky slopes. The only time these cats can be found at lower what are some ways to make money elevations is during the coldest winter months, when they follow their prey to the lowland forests that what are some ways to make money cover some of their homeland. Perfectly built for their extreme habitat

Tail: growing the length of its body, a snow leopard’s tail is one of its most distinguishable and beneficial what are some ways to make money features. When hunting, snow leopards stalk their prey high up on mountain ridges. They then leap down, sometimes more than 40 feet, to chase and attack their target. The cats meter long tail aids in this process by what are some ways to make money helping them keep their balance while leaping and running among what are some ways to make money the steep mountain slopes. Not only is the tail used for balance, it is also used for warmth in the harsh cold what are some ways to make money climate. Snow leopards are often seen with their tail wrapped around what are some ways to make money their face, protecting their noses from frost-bite.

Feeding: being an opportunistic feeder, snow leopards will kill and eat whatever meat they can what are some ways to make money find. This includes wild game native to the area such as what are some ways to make money ibexes and bharal, as well as pikas, marmots and other small rodents. However due to increasing human encroachment into snow leopard territory, the big cats have also been known to attack domestic what are some ways to make money livestock. Unfortunately herders’ economic stability relies heavily on their domestic animals, and they often retaliate to such killings with a vengeance.

Reproduction: being largely solitary creatures, individual snow leopards are rarely seen with others. The exceptions are during mating season, or when a mother is rearing her cubs. Females become sexually mature around 2-3 years of age, and males at 4 years. A single pair will be together for a short period what are some ways to make money between january and mid-march after which the male leaves the female to raise what are some ways to make money the cubs. Female snow leopards are pregnant for about three months before what are some ways to make money giving birth to 2-3 cubs. Like other felines, cubs are quite helpless when they are born and do what are some ways to make money not open their eyes for 7 days. By 2-3 months, they are eating solid food and following their mother around, but they do not become independent until 18-22 months of age. As a result, female snow leopards give birth every other year.

Territory markings: individual snow leopards inhabit a defined home range. These home ranges may vary greatly in size depending on what are some ways to make money the abundance of prey. To avoid potential conflict and find mates, snow leopards mark their territory. They do this in a number of ways, including spraying urine against rocks, defecating in specific areas, or scraping the ground with their hind legs. Scientists also use these marks while tracking and researching snow what are some ways to make money leopards.

Aggressive tendencies: snow leopards have a crepuscular activity pattern, which means they are most active at dawn and dusk. When there is a significant human presence, however, they have been known to become primarily nocturnal in order what are some ways to make money to avoid contact. On the rare occasion when there is contact with humans, snow leopards are rarely aggressive. Even if they are disturbed while feeding, the big cats are more likely to run away than what are some ways to make money try to defend their kill. Only if they feel threatened, or their cubs are threatened will they display aggressive behaviour. Population and threats

Due to the snow leopard’s shy, solitary nature, and the inaccessibility to its habitat, population sizes are quite difficult to estimate. It is thought that 4,500 – 7,500 remain in the wild with an additional 600 – 700 in zoos worldwide. Unfortunately these numbers continue to decline. A number of factors influence snow leopard populations, the main threat being human activity. Poaching

Snow leopards are hunted illegally for many of their body what are some ways to make money parts. Their lustrous fur is made into coats, hats and other garments. Pelts sell for thousands of dollars on the black market, and it typically takes 6-12 skins to make one coat. Snow leopard skeletons sell for twice the amount of their what are some ways to make money furs. Over the past five years, their bones have become in demand as a substitute for what are some ways to make money tiger bones in traditional asian medicine. With so much media and conservation attention, tiger bones are becoming difficult for poachers to acquire, so they have turned to alternative felines. Many poachers are local people from snow leopard areas who what are some ways to make money are barely able to survive on a few dollars a what are some ways to make money day. To them, poaching is an extra source of income to help feed what are some ways to make money their families.

When snow leopards and humans come into close contact, conflict usually arises. The cats often attack livestock because they are much easier what are some ways to make money to stalk and kill then wild prey. Herders in the area depend heavily on the well being what are some ways to make money of their animals, and so the loss of a single sheep, goat or horse presents a huge setback. Herders often retaliate for these losses by poisoning, shooting or trapping snow leopards. Killings of this nature rarely get reported, and so the number of snow leopards killed in this what are some ways to make money manner is unknown. Habitat and prey loss

The habitat to which the snow leopard has adapted is what are some ways to make money a very specific and fragile environment. These snow covered mountanous areas are being threated by both what are some ways to make money global warming and the encroachment of humans. Snow leopards typically inhabit the area between the tree line what are some ways to make money and the permanent snow line. Temperature changes have caused the permanent snow line to recede, which causes the snow leopards to move further up mountain what are some ways to make money slopes. At these high elevations, vegetation is scarce, as are the herbivorous animals on which the big cats what are some ways to make money prey. Not only is global warming posing a threat, but as humans become more mobile, they push further into snow leopard territory. Livestock overgraze and damage mountain grasslands, leaving less food for the big cats’ wild prey. This situation also increases conflict with local herders since livestock what are some ways to make money is more likely to be killed when natural prey is what are some ways to make money scarce. Lack of cooperation, policy implementation and funding

There is no shortage of laws designed to protect the what are some ways to make money snow leopard, but creating laws is only half of what is required. Implementing these laws requires cooperation between not only governments and what are some ways to make money conservation agencies, but also the general public. Local people in snow leopard areas are struggling to provide what are some ways to make money for themselves and their families. They have little time or energy to devote to the what are some ways to make money protection of these felines. Similarly, many governments in snow leopard areas are focused on other what are some ways to make money issues. Environmental protection policies are usually not a top priority when what are some ways to make money governments need to worry about economic development or political instability. This also leaves very little money to enforce laws and what are some ways to make money patrol protected area boundaries for poachers. Why are they so important? Indicator species

The presence, absence, or relative well-being of an indicator species in its environment indicates the what are some ways to make money heath of the surrounding ecosystem as a whole. Being one of the top predators in the high mountain what are some ways to make money food web of central asia, the snow leopard helps to keep the ecosystem in balance what are some ways to make money by preying on marmots, ibexes and other native herbivores. If there are too many herbivores in the area, they will degrade the alpine meadows, leaving no food for both wild herbivores and domesticated livestock. If snow leopards disappear from the area, the rest of the ecosystem will fall apart. Native beliefs

Nepal: in northern nepalese societies, many indigenous and shamanistic practices incorporate the snow leopard. Some folklore describes snow leopards as a "fence" for crops, meaning that if there are none around, native animals would be free to invade crop fields. Other inhabitants believe snow leopards are born to remove sins what are some ways to make money from past lives, and that killing one means transferring their sins to your what are some ways to make money own life.

The wakhi: the wakhi are a group of people native to northern what are some ways to make money pakistan, china, tajikistan and afghanistan. They believe that supernatural beings, called mergichan, inhabit the high mountains of the region. The mergichan are holy and very powerful, and so the area they inhabit is pure and sacred. The wakhi believe the mergichan often take the form of what are some ways to make money a snow leopard, since the animal exemplifies many of the qualities of the what are some ways to make money mergichan: elusive, powerful, beautiful, and potentially dangerous. What is being done to help?

Various international and national treaties and laws protect the snow what are some ways to make money leopard. All snow leopard range countries except the kyrgyz republic and what are some ways to make money tajikistan have made the trafficking of live snow leopards or what are some ways to make money their fur/body parts illegal. A number of governments have also created national parks in what are some ways to make money order to preserve and protect snow leopard habitat.

Research: in these programs, scientists go out into snow leopard territory to try to what are some ways to make money learn as much about the animals as possible. Wild snow leopards are rarely seen, therefore indirect methods are usually used to track animals and what are some ways to make money estimate population sizes. Indirect studies include setting up cameras or analyzing trails left what are some ways to make money by snow leopards including tracks, scrapings, feces, or urine-sprays. Scientists also observe the herds of wild sheep and goats what are some ways to make money that are the snow leopard’s primary prey. Population sizes of native herbivores can indicate how many snow what are some ways to make money leopards are potentially in the area. Genetic studies are also in their early stages to help what are some ways to make money design new conservation programs and evaluate old ones.

Local village programs: many conservation agencies have set up programs in local villages what are some ways to make money near snow leopard territory with many different goals. One of the most important is to help local herders what are some ways to make money protect their livestock from snow leopard attacks. Wire mesh and wood is provided to cover unprotected windows what are some ways to make money in stables. If an animal is attacked, many conservation agencies also have an insurance program designed to what are some ways to make money compensate families for their loss. In return, herders agree not to kill snow leopards and to leave what are some ways to make money some room for the snow leopard’s prey species to graze. Herders are also encouraged to dismantle traps, report sightings of snow leopards, record livestock losses due to attacks, and practice the best possible livestock guarding techniques. Other programs aim at improving the economy of local communities. Villages are provided with equipment to produce products made from what are some ways to make money the wool of their sheep and camels. The products are then sold at local tourist attractions, or the conservation agencies may sell them online.

RELATED POSTS