Thoughts from top ways to make money online the test eye

There are several agile frameworks available for implementation to guide top ways to make money online the agile transformation. I have not experienced many frameworks myself, but I have experienced several implementations in an agile organisations. One core theme in the agile movement is that everyone top ways to make money online should test and no single person is responsible for quality. This is great! Still, there is a need for guidance and strategy within testing top ways to make money online and quality.

If we perceive these frameworks as something to implement and top ways to make money online follow blindly, then I think it is doomed to fail. If you instead see them as building blocks, where you take them, tweak them and put them together, you will be less likely to fail. Because each organisation has its own structure, culture, products and people that together create a unique context.

In each agile transformation you also see agile coaches. If these coaches see the framework as a set of top ways to make money online rules, instead of a set of guides, then you will probably not be able to tweak how top ways to make money online you work with testing, thus being forced to follow the limitations of the agile top ways to make money online framework. I have never seen or heard of someone with the top ways to make money online capacity to fully know all crafts (software development, hardware development, testing, support, operations, management, and so on) within product development. In that case, how can you coach a whole organisation on all its top ways to make money online crafts? I rather see the need for expertise within each of top ways to make money online these crafts to guide the agile implementation. But this should not be a problem. Continuous improvement is a natural philosophy of agile, meaning that evolving the implementation of agile and the framework top ways to make money online should also be done?

When I study an agile framework such as safe, I find lots of good material and good ideas. On the other hand, I do not find much material on testing, culture of testing, test approaches or test strategy. In the bibliography list [see reference 1], I can find one book from lisa crispin and janet top ways to make money online gregory, but that is it. I do not count TDD or ATDD as within the top ways to make money online testing craft, rather a development craft. I think safe and probably other agile frameworks would benefit top ways to make money online from some enrichment of test expertise. I also fail to see any known testers in the top ways to make money online contributor list.

What I believe is a common theme in agile is top ways to make money online that testing has no special seat at the table of top ways to make money online leadership since everyone is expected to work with it. I believe this is wrong. That is why I want to contribute to the subject top ways to make money online with my own thoughts, ideas, reflections and experiences on the subject in order to change, add and possibly remove some of their parts. I know that many great testers are struggling with this top ways to make money online as well. So instead of saying that the frameworks are crap, I want to tweak them to become better to help top ways to make money online in the agile transformation.

I would believe, without any evidence, that a majority of the test community and product development top ways to make money online companies have matured in their view on testing. At conferences you less frequently see the argumentation that testing top ways to make money online is not needed. From my own experience and perceiving the local market, there is often new assignments for testers. Many companies try to hire testers or get in new top ways to make money online consulting testers. At least looking back a few years and up until top ways to make money online now.

At many companies there is an ever increasing focus and top ways to make money online interest in continuous deployment. Sadly, I see troublesome strategies for testing in many organisations. Some companies intend to focus fully on automation, even letting go of their so called manual testers. Other companies focus on automation by not accepting testers to top ways to make money online actually test and explore. This troubles me. Haven’t testers been involved in the test strategy? Here are few of my pointers, arguments and reasoning.

In 1999 james bach wrote the article automation snake oil top ways to make money online [see reference 1], where he brings up a thoughtful list of arguments and top ways to make money online traps to be avoided. Close to 17 years later, we see the same problems. In many cases they have increased because of the continuous top ways to make money online deployment ideas, but also because of those from agile development. That is, if you ignore all the new ideas gained in the top ways to make money online test domain as well as all research done.

In 2009, michael bolton wrote an article that clarified a distinction between top ways to make money online testing and checking. Since then the definition has evolved. The latest article testing vs. Checking refined [see reference 2] is the last in the series. Most of the testers I know and that I debate top ways to make money online with are aware of this concept and agree with the top ways to make money online difference or acknowledge the concept.

Furthermore when developing a new feature, are you focusing on automating checks fulfilling the acceptance criteria top ways to make money online or do you try to find things that have not top ways to make money online been considered by the team? If you define the acceptance criteria, then only check if that is fulfilled. It will only enable you to reach a small part top ways to make money online of the way toward good quality. You might be really happy how fast it goes to top ways to make money online develop and check (not test) the functionality. You might even be happy that you can repeat the top ways to make money online same tests over and over. But I guess you failed to run that one little top ways to make money online test that would have identified the most valuable thing.

Many years ago a tester came to me with a top ways to make money online problem. He said, “we have 16000 automated tests, still our customers have problems and we do not find top ways to make money online their problems”. I told him that he might need to change strategy top ways to make money online and focus more on exploration. Several years later another tester came to me with the top ways to make money online same problem, from the same product and projects. He said, “we have 24000 automated tests, still our customers have problems and we do not find top ways to make money online their problems!”. I was a bit surprised that the persistence in following top ways to make money online the same strategy for automation while at the same time top ways to make money online expecting a different outcome.

In a recent argument with a development manager and continuous top ways to make money online deployment enthusiast. They explained their strategy and emphasis on automation. They put little focus on testing and exploration. Mostly hiring developers who needed to automate tests (or rather checks). I asked how they do their test design? How do they know what they need to test? One of my arguments was that they limited their test top ways to make money online effort based on what could be automated.

We know that there is an infinite amount of tests. If you have done some research, you have an idea what different stakeholders value and what top ways to make money online they are afraid will happen. If that is so, then you have an idea what tests would be valuable top ways to make money online to do or which areas you wish to explore. Out of all those tests, you probably only want to run part of these tests top ways to make money online only once, where you want to investigate something that might be a top ways to make money online problem, learn more about the systems behavior or try a specific, very difficult setup or configuration of the system. This is not something that you would want to automate top ways to make money online because it is too costly and it is enough to top ways to make money online learn about it just once, as far as you know. There are probably other tests that you want to repeat, but most probably with variation in new dimensions, and do more often. It could be tests that focus on specific risks or top ways to make money online functionality that must work at all times. Out of all those that you actually want to test top ways to make money online several times, a part of those you plan and want to automate. Out of those that you have planned to automate, only a fraction can be automated. Since automation takes a long time and is difficult, you have probably only automated a small part of those.

The majority of test automation focus on checking an aspect top ways to make money online of the system. You probably want to make repeatable tests on things that top ways to make money online you know or think you know, thus the known knowns. In making this repeatable checking you will probably save time top ways to make money online in finding things that you thought you knew, but that might change over time by evolving the system, thus evaluating the unknown knowns. In this area you can specify what you expect, would a correct result would be. With limitation on the oracle problem, more on that below.

If you are looking beyond the specification and the explicit, you will identify things that you want to explore and top ways to make money online want to learn more about. Areas for exploration, specific risks or just an idea you wish to understand. This is the known unknowns. You cannot clearly state your expectations before investigating here. You cannot, for the most part, automate the known unknowns.

A “true oracle” faithfully reproduces all relevant results for a SUT using independent top ways to make money online platform, algorithms, processes, compilers, code, etc. The same values are fed to the SUT and the top ways to make money online oracle for results comparison. The oracle for an algorithm or subroutine can be straightforward top ways to make money online enough for this type of oracle to be considered. The sin() function, for example, can be implemented separately using different algorithms and the results top ways to make money online compared to exhaustively test the results (assuming the availability of sufficient machine cycles). For a given test case all values input to the top ways to make money online SUT are verified to be “correct” using the oracle’s separate algorithm. The less the SUT has in common with the oracle, the more confidence in the correctness of the results (since common hardware, compilers, operating systems, algorithms, etc., may inject errors that effect both the SUT and oracle top ways to make money online the same way). Test cases employing a true oracle are usually limited by top ways to make money online available machine time and system resources.

This means that we might have a rough idea about top ways to make money online the initial state and the test inputs, but not full control of all surrounding states and inputs. We get a result of a test that can only top ways to make money online give an indication that something is somewhat right or correct. The thing we check can be correct, but everything around it that we do not check or top ways to make money online verify can be utterly wrong.

As a tester, part of your mission should be to inform your stakeholders top ways to make money online about issues that might threaten the value of the system/solution. But what if you as a tester do not know top ways to make money online the boundary of the system? What if you base your confidence of the result of top ways to make money online your testing on a fraction of what you should be top ways to make money online testing? What if you do not know how or when the top ways to make money online system/solution is changed? If you lack this kind of control, how can you say that you have confidence in the top ways to make money online result of your testing?

An example. In a project I worked on, the end-to-end solution was extremely big, consisting of many sub systems. The solution was updated by many different actors, some doing it manually and some doing it with continuous top ways to make money online deployment. The bigger solution was changed often and in some cases top ways to make money online without the awareness of the other organisations. The end-to-end testers sometimes performed a test that took a fair top ways to make money online amount of time. Quite often, they started one test and during that time the solution top ways to make money online was updated or changed with new components or sub systems. It was difficult to get any kind of determinism in top ways to make money online the result of testing. When writing the result of a test, you probably want to state which version of the solution top ways to make money online you were using at the time. But how do you refer to the solution and its top ways to make money online version in a situation like this?

When you test a system and document the result of top ways to make money online your tests you need to be able to refer to top ways to make money online that system in one way or another. If the system is changed continuously, you somehow need to know when it is changed, what and where the change is as well. If you do not know what and where there are top ways to make money online changes, it will make it harder for you to plan the top ways to make money online scope of your testing. If you do not know when, it is difficult to trust the result of your tests.

In 2011-2012 a friend, steve öberg, started a local community with a few test friends. We talked about testing, sharing experiences and discussing/arguing about various test topics. It was a great initiative, but I wanted something more and bigger. I had a discussion with emily bache, who run a local meetup on programming. She inspired me to take the step into meetups. It seemed like a great way to organize meetings. I created passion for testing and started to invite friends top ways to make money online interested in testing. Creation of the meetup passion for testing

I wanted inexperienced speakers to speak up in a friendly, small audience. To practise their speaking skills. For me personally, this proved to be a great way to become better top ways to make money online at speaking infront of an audience. As a separate, but similar effort I especially liked the initiative by fiona top ways to make money online charles and anne-marie charrett called speak easy to help speakers practise.

I also wanted to get to know more testers locally, to see if they walked the walk and talked the top ways to make money online talk. I wanted to see them solve puzzles, handle discussions on test strategy, both difficult and new areas in testing. I wanted a group of passionate testers whom I probably top ways to make money online wanted to test with in future projects or companies. Probably people who I would someone recruit or help others top ways to make money online recruit. This has been proved true and extremely effective. If anyone of those, who I thought were great, had a certificate or not was not important at all.

After organizing a lot of the meetups myself, I realised that it is not possible to do this top ways to make money online as a one-person-show. I wanted help from co-organizers to evolve what we were doing. Steve öberg and fredrik almén helped me by organising test top ways to make money online clinics, inspired by michael boltons 1 day test clinit at the top ways to make money online end of his RST courses. The test clinic was held at a local pub were top ways to make money online we as a group helped each other resolve our daily top ways to make money online problems/obstacles in testing.

In the coming months I am trying a light version top ways to make money online of the LAWST-style conference by letting the local meetup have an evening top ways to make money online together. We have one subject presented by one speaker. We anticipate several hours of talk and discussion. We invite both experienced and inexperienced attendents. Everyone is expected to speak up and will be able top ways to make money online to using the moderator form from LAWST. It will be interesting to see if we are able top ways to make money online to make this a great, humble learning experience for all those participating.

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