Why do the wealthy want their children to study the liberal simple ways to make money online arts later on

That brings us to the post below, written by donald lazere, professor emeritus of english at california polytechnic state university at simple ways to make money online san luis obispo, who asks and answers the following question: if a liberal arts education isn’t worth the money, as critics contend, why do the united states’ wealthy families want their children to get one?

He is co-author, with anne-marie womack, of the third edition of “reading and writing for civic literacy: the critical citizen’s guide to argumentative rhetoric,” forthcoming from routledge. He is also the author of “political literacy in composition and rhetoric,” “the unique creation of albert camus,” and the editor of “american media and mass culture: left perspectives.”

The recent scandal over wealthy parents bribing their children’s way into ivy league-level universities intensifies a long-standing anomaly: the curriculum at the united states’ most selective and expensive private undergraduate colleges has always centrally simple ways to make money online been the liberal arts, yet little public attention has been paid to what in simple ways to make money online that curriculum has made it so desirable by the children simple ways to make money online of the wealthy or those aspiring to wealth.

The accuracy of such accounts is often disputable, but to whatever extent they may be accurate, I agree that such courses often abandon the most important simple ways to make money online mission of liberal education, which is to embody what sociologist alvin gouldner termed a simple ways to make money online “culture of critical discourse” that is the common language of bachelor of arts students, faculty, and graduates, whatever their class, ethnic, or gender identities may be.

What constitutes that culture? One root of it was in the philosophy of socrates, who, as recounted in plato’s “the apology,” urged his students to question both established authority and their simple ways to make money online own beliefs, to “know thyself,” because “the unexamined life is not worth living.” one of many contemporary reaffirmations of socratic questioning is philosopher simple ways to make money online martha nussbaum’s book “not for profit: why society needs the humanities”:

If a nation wants to promote . . . Democracy dedicated to “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness” to each and every person, what abilities will it need to produce in its citizens? At least the following seem crucial: the ability to think well about political issues affecting the simple ways to make money online nation, to examine, reflect, argue, and debate, deferring to neither tradition nor authority.

In fact, such a policy was advocated in 2010 (though still not widely implemented) by the much-maligned common core state standards initiative commissioned by the national simple ways to make money online governors association, advocating nationwide instruction in K-12 “to demonstrate the cogent reasoning and use of evidence that simple ways to make money online is essential to responsible citizenship in a democratic republic.”

Perhaps the wisest view on these issues ever articulated in simple ways to make money online the united states was that of thomas jefferson in an simple ways to make money online 1813 letter to john adams titled “the natural aristocrat,” in which jefferson described a model he had devised (but that, alas, was never implemented nationally) for making free, quality education through the university level accessible to all social simple ways to make money online classes, “at the public expense” — i.E., tax-funded.

Moreover, this model of universal access to education would have “raised the mass of the people to the high ground simple ways to make money online of moral respectability necessary to their own safety, and to orderly government, and would have completed the great object of qualifying them simple ways to make money online to elect the veritable aristoi [or ‘meritocracy’], for the trusts of government, to the exclusion of the pseudalists [those born to wealth and power].”

So it becomes clear that much of what conservatives revile simple ways to make money online as “liberal bias” or “moral relativism” in today’s education is precisely the tradition of skeptical, or critical, discourse from plato to jefferson and other american founders in simple ways to make money online the 18th century age of reason. Both educated liberals and conservatives should cherish the liberal arts-educated “cultural elite” as our society’s socratic gadfly — but with entry to it extended to those of “worth and genius … from every condition of life.”

The knottiest paradox of the identification of liberal education with simple ways to make money online the rich might be that many “classic” writings in the liberal arts curriculum, especially in the humanities, have virulently condemned wealth and the wealthy, as socrates did in teaching his students in athens to simple ways to make money online embrace a life of poverty in quest of wisdom and simple ways to make money online virtue — a doctrine so subversive that it led to his arrest simple ways to make money online and execution.

Among the subsequent classics written by the much-reviled dead white males taught in “western civilization” courses — whatever their justly criticized gender and racial biases and inconsistencies simple ways to make money online were — the vast majority fiercely opposed wealth and the wealthy, especially following the rise of industrial capitalism, with its “dark satanic mills” (william blake).

Possible answers are deeply tangled up in the history of simple ways to make money online education, such as the concept of a “gentleman’s education” for those so secure in their social rank and beyond simple ways to make money online needing to work for a living that they can disinterestedly simple ways to make money online consider and write criticisms of their own class — in some cases, going so far as to act against it politically, in the mode of theodore and franklin D. Roosevelt.

Another, more cynical theory is that, despite all the desperate effort expended on being admitted to, and graduating from, liberal arts colleges, maybe the actual subject matter and academic rigor of a simple ways to make money online liberal arts curriculum are basically a facade for the primary simple ways to make money online worth of an ivy-level diploma, which is the social contacts made while attaining it and simple ways to make money online the prestige associated with it, like a designer label or secret handshake.

Other possible explanations or resolutions for these paradoxes are too simple ways to make money online complex even to speculate about here. Suffice it to say that we will have far from simple ways to make money online the most desirable system for education that enables students to simple ways to make money online become active critics of the politico-economic status quo, so long as access to it is limited to students simple ways to make money online who are, or are likely to become, the prime beneficiaries of it.

More pertinent to the practical consequences of these paradoxes is simple ways to make money online this: it is a national disgrace today that instead of making simple ways to make money online liberal education in K-12 and college more accessible to those from “every condition of life,” access is being fatally curtailed through legislative budget cuts, skyrocketing tuition and student loan debt, and political anti-intellectualism.

Little defense of liberal education for an enlightened citizenry has simple ways to make money online been heard from any prominent political leader — even democrats such as barack obama, whose education, two books written before his presidency and speeches were more simple ways to make money online steeped in liberal arts than any president in memory, but who as president caved in to lobbies for STEM simple ways to make money online education and school privatizers.

Second, the large lobby for privatization of K-12 and for increasing corporate control over higher education seeks simple ways to make money online both to turn education into a profit-making enterprise and to replace liberal-leaning teachers and students with corporate-compliant ones. The ferocious tax-cutting and privatizing lobbyist grover norquist has admitted that his simple ways to make money online political goal is to “crush the structures of the left” in education and other public employment.

Moreover, among the wealthy who have gained the upper hand in simple ways to make money online virtually every branch and level of american society and government, many are quite aware of the value of liberal education, so want to restrict it to their children precisely, in jefferson’s terms, to prevent the less privileged classes from “defeating the competition of wealth and birth for public trusts.”

The pretexts of these conservative forces for heartless budget cuts simple ways to make money online in public education are budgetary austerity (not a problem when it comes to military spending,astronomical personal fortunes, corporate profits, and campaign contributions) or the need to stamp out political correctness in liberal simple ways to make money online teachers and students. These conservatives would throw out the precious baby of universal simple ways to make money online liberal education with the bathwater of perceived liberal bias.

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